Windows 10 version wikipedia free download
Windows is a group of several proprietary graphical operating system families developed and marketed by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector windows 10 version wikipedia free download the computing industry, for example, Windows NT for consumers, Windows Server for servers, and Windows IoT for embedded systems.
As of September [update]the most recent version of Windows is Windows 11 for consumer PCs and tabletsWindows 11 Enterprise for corporations, and Windows Server windows 10 version wikipedia free download servers. Microsoft, the developer of Windows, has registered several trademarks, each of which denotes a family of Windows operating systems that target a specific sector of the computing industry.
As ofthe following Windows families were being actively developed:. The term Windows windows 10 version wikipedia free download describes any or all of several generations of Microsoft operating system products.
These products are generally categorized as follows:. The history of Windows dates back to when Microsoft started work on a program called “Interface Manager”. It was announced in November after the Apple Lisabut before the Macintosh under the name “Windows”, but Windows 1. Windows 1. The shell of По этой ссылке 1.
Instead all windows are tiled. Only modal dialog boxes may appear over other windows. Microsoft sold as included Windows Development libraries with the C development environment, which included numerous windows samples. Windows 2. It features several improvements to the user interface and memory management. The result of this change led windows 10 version wikipedia free download Apple Computer filing a suit against Microsoft alleging infringement on Apple’s copyrights eventually settled in court in Microsoft’s favor in It runs in real mode but can make use of the high memory area.
In addition to full Windows-packages, there were runtime-only versions that shipped with early Windows software from third parties and made it possible to run their Windows software on MS-DOS and without the full Windows feature windows 10 version wikipedia free download. The early versions of Windows are often thought of dc free signature add download acrobat adobe standard graphical shells, mostly because they ran on top of MS-DOS and use it for file system services.
Unlike MS-DOS, Windows allowed users to execute multiple graphical applications at the same time, through cooperative multitasking.
Windows implemented an elaborate, segment-based, software virtual memory scheme, which allows it to run applications larger than available memory: code segments and resources are swapped in and thrown away when memory became scarce; data segments moved in memory when a given application had relinquished processor control. Windows 3. They run inside the same address space, where the segmented memory provides a degree of protection. Microsoft rewrote critical operations from C into assembly.
In AugustWindows for Workgroups, a special version with integrated peer-to-peer networking features and a version number of 3. It was sold along with Windows 3. Support for Windows 3. The next major consumer-oriented release of Windows, Windows 95was released on August 24, While still remaining MS-DOS-based, Больше на странице 95 introduced support for native bit applicationsplug and play hardware, preemptive multitaskinglong file names of up to characters, and provided increased stability over its predecessors.
Windows 95 also introduced a redesigned, object oriented user interface, replacing the previous Program Manager with the Start menutaskbarand Windows Explorer shell. Windows 95 was a major commercial success for Microsoft; Ina Fried of CNET remarked that “by the time Windows 95 was finally ushered off the market init had become a fixture on computer desktops around the world.
Windows 95 was followed up with the release windows 10 version wikipedia free download Windows 98 on June 25,which introduced the Windows Driver Modelsupport for USB composite devicessupport for ACPIhibernationand support game yugioh offline multi-monitor configurations.
Windows 98 also included integration with Internet Explorer 4 through Active Desktop and other aspects of the Windows Desktop Update a series of enhancements to the Explorer shell which were also made available for Windows Windows 98 SE added Internet Explorer 5.
Mainstream support for Windows 98 ended on June 30, ссылка на страницу, and extended support for Windows 98 ended on July 11, Windows Me incorporated visual interface enhancements from its Windows NT-based counterpart Windowshad faster boot times than previous versions which however, required the removal of the ability to access a real mode DOS environment, removing compatibility with some older programs expanded multimedia functionality including Windows Media Player 7, Windows Movie Makerand the Windows Image Acquisition framework for retrieving images from scanners and digital ссылка на страницуadditional system utilities such as System File Protection and System Restoreand updated home networking tools.
PC World considered Windows Me to be one of the worst operating systems Microsoft had ever released, and the fourth worst tech product of all time. However, following the successful release of Windows 3. Win32 maintained a similar structure to the Windows APIs allowing existing Windows applications to easily be ported to the нажмите чтобы прочитать большеbut also supported the capabilities of the existing NT kernel.
Following its approval by Microsoft’s staff, development continued on what was now Windows NT, the first bit version of Windows. Windows NT was the first Windows operating system based on a hybrid kernel. The hybrid kernel was designed as a modified microkernelinfluenced by the Mach microkernel developed by Richard Rashid at Carnegie Mellon University, but without meeting all of the criteria of a pure microkernel.
The first release of the resulting operating system, Windows NT 3. Windows NT 3. Windows NT 4. The Windows NT name was dropped at this point in order to put a greater focus on the Windows brand. The introduction of Windows XP aimed to unify the consumer-oriented Windows 9x series with the architecture introduced by Windows NT, a change which Microsoft promised would provide better performance over its DOS-based predecessors. Windows XP would also introduce a redesigned user interface including an updated Start menu and a “task-oriented” Windows Explorer windows 10 version wikipedia free download, streamlined multimedia and networking features, Internet Explorer 6integration with Microsoft’s.
NET Passport services, a ” compatibility mode ” to help provide backwards compatibility with software designed for previous versions of Windows, and Remote Assistance functionality. At retail, Windows XP was now marketed in two main editions : the “Home” edition was targeted towards consumers, while the “Professional” edition was targeted towards business environments and power usersand included additional security and networking features.
Home and Professional were later accompanied by the “Media Center” edition designed for home theater PCswith an emphasis on support for DVD playback, TV tuner cardsDVR functionality, and remote controlsand the “Tablet PC” edition designed for mobile devices meeting its specifications for a tablet computerwith по ссылке for stylus pen input and additional pen-enabled applications.
Extended /26962.txt ended on April 8, After WindowsMicrosoft also changed its release schedules for server operating systems; the server counterpart of Windows XP, Windows Serverwas released in April After a lengthy development processWindows Vista was released on November 30,for volume licensing and January 30,for consumers.
It contained a number of new featuresfrom a redesigned shell and user interface to significant technical changeswith a particular focus windows 10 version wikipedia free download security features. It was available in a number free pc games different editionsand has been subject to some criticismsuch as drop of performance, longer boot time, criticism of new UAC, and stricter license agreement. Vista’s server counterpart, Windows Server was released in early On July 22,Windows 7 and Windows Server R2 were released as RTM release to manufacturing while the former was released to the public 3 months later on October 22, Unlike its predecessor, Windows Vista, which windows 10 version wikipedia free download a large number of new featuresWindows ссылка на продолжение was intended to be a more focused, incremental upgrade to the Windows line, with the goal of being compatible with applications and hardware with which Windows Vista was windows 10 version wikipedia free download compatible.
Windows 8the successor to Windows 7, was released generally on October 26, A number of significant changes were made on Windows 8, including the introduction windows 10 version wikipedia free download a user interface based around Microsoft’s Metro design language with optimizations windows 10 version wikipedia free download touch-based devices such as tablets and all-in-one PCs.
These changes include the Start screenwhich uses large tiles that are windows 10 version wikipedia free download convenient for touch interactions and allow for the display of continually updated information, and a new class of apps which are designed primarily for use on touch-based devices. Other changes include increased integration with cloud services and other online platforms such as social networks and Microsoft’s own OneDrive formerly SkyDrive and Xbox Live servicesthe Windows Посмотреть больше service for software distribution, and a new variant known as Windows RT for use on devices that utilize the ARM architectureand a new keyboard shortcut for screenshots.
Windows 8 and Windows 8. On September 30,Microsoft announced Windows 10 as the successor to Windows 8. It was released on July 29,and addresses shortcomings in the user interface first introduced with Windows 8.
Changes on PC include the return of the Start Menu, a virtual desktop system, and the ability to run Windows Store apps within windows on the desktop rather than in full-screen mode. Windows 10 is said to be available to update from qualified Windows 7 with SP1, Windows 8.
In FebruaryMicrosoft announced the migration of its Windows source code repository from Perforce to Git. This migration involved 3. In Juneshortly before Microsoft’s announcement of Windows 11, Microsoft updated their lifecycle policy pages for Windows 10, revealing that support for their last release of Windows 10 will be October 14, On June 24,Windows 11 was announced as the successor to Windows 10 windows 10 version wikipedia free download a livestream.
The new operating system was designed to be more user-friendly and understandable. It was released on October 5, In JulyMicrosoft announced it will start selling subscriptions to virtualized Windows desktops as part of a new Windows service in the following month. It is not a standalone version of Windows, but a web service that provides access to Windows 10 and Windows 10 version wikipedia free download 11 built on top of Azure Virtual Desktop.
The new service will allow for cross-platform usageaiming to make the operating system available for both Apple and Android users. The subscription service will be accessible through any operating system with a web browser. The new service is an attempt at capitalizing on the growing trend, fostered during the COVID pandemicfor businesses to adopt a hybrid remote work environment, in which “employees split their time between the office and home”.
As the service will be accessible through web browsers, Microsoft will be able to bypass the need to publish the service through Google Play or the Apple App Store.
Microsoft announced Windows availability to business and enterprise customers on August 2, Multilingual support has been built into Windows since Windows 3. The language for both the keyboard and windows 10 version wikipedia free download interface can be changed through the Region and Language Control Panel. Components for all supported input languages, such as Input Method Editorsare automatically installed during Windows installation in Windows XP and earlier, files for East Asian languages, such as Chinese, and right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic, may need to be installed separately, also from the said Control Panel.
Third-party IMEs may also be installed if a user feels that the provided one is insufficient for their needs. Interface languages for the operating system are free for download, but some languages are limited to certain editions of Windows. Language Interface Packs LIPs are redistributable and may be downloaded from Microsoft’s Download Center and installed for any edition of Windows XP or later — they translate most, but not all, of the Windows interface, and require a certain base language the language which Windows originally shipped with.
This is used for most languages in emerging markets. Full Language Packs, which translates the complete operating system, are only available for specific editions of Windows Ultimate and Enterprise editions of Windows Vista and 7, and all editions of Windows 8, 8.
They do not require a specific base language, and are commonly used for more popular languages such as French or Chinese. These languages cannot be downloaded through the Download Center, but available as optional updates through the Windows Update service except Windows 8.
The interface language of installed applications is not affected by changes in the Windows interface language. The availability of languages depends on the application developers themselves. Windows 8 and Windows Server introduces a new Language Control Panel where both the interface and input languages can be simultaneously changed, and language packs, regardless of type, can be downloaded from a central location.
The PC Settings app in Windows 8. Changing the interface language also changes the language of preinstalled Windows Store apps such as Mail, Maps and News and certain other Microsoft-developed apps such as Remote Desktop. The above limitations for language packs are however still in effect, except that full language packs can be installed for any edition except Single Language, which caters to emerging markets. Windows NT included support for several platforms before the x86 -based personal computer became dominant in the professional world.
Windows 10 (original release) – Wikipedia
На лице старика появилось виноватое выражение. Ничего не упустив. – Слабое сердце… да к тому же еще испанская жара.